Hausa igbo

TuaregBaggaraHabeshaand other Afro-Asiatic speaking-groups. ZaghawaZarma SonghaiKanuriFula. The Hausa are a diverse but culturally homogeneous people based primarily in the Sahelian and the sparse savanna areas of southern Niger and northern Nigeria respectively, numbering over 80 million people with significant indigenized populations in BeninCameroonIvory Coast[16] ChadSudanCentral African Republic[17] Republic of the Congo[18] TogoGhana[19] Eritrea[10] Equatorial Guinea[20] GabonSenegal and the Gambia.

Predominantly Hausa-speaking communities are scattered throughout West Africa and on the traditional Hajj route north and east traversing the Saharawith an especially large population in and around the town of Agadez. Other Hausa have also moved to large coastal cities in the region such as LagosPort HarcourtAccraAbidjanBanjul and Cotonou as well as to parts of North Africa such as Libya over the course of the last years.

The Hausa traditionally live in small villages, as well as in towns and cities, where they grow crops, raise livestock including cattleand engage in trade, both local and long distance across Africa. They speak the Hausa languagean Afro-Asiatic language of the Chadic group which is the most spoken indigenous African Language.

The Hausa aristocracy had historically developed an equestrian based culture. The town predates all the other major Hausa towns in tradition and culture. The Hausa have in the last years criss crossed the vast African landscape in all its four corners for varieties of reasons ranging from military service, long-distance trade, performance of hajj, fleeing from oppressive feudal kings as well as spreading Islam.

The table below shows Hausa ethnic population distribution by country of indigenization, outside of Nigeria and Niger: [23] [24]. Daurain northern Nigeriais the oldest city of Hausaland. The Hausa of Gobiralso in northern Nigeria, speak the oldest surviving classical vernacular of the language. All of these various ethnic groups among and around the Hausa live in the vast and open lands of the SahelSaharan and Sudanian regions, and as a result of the geography and the criss crossing network of traditional African trade routes, have had their cultures heavily influenced by their Hausa neighbours, as noted by T.

hausa igbo

There is something grand about this industry, which spreads to the north as far as MurzukGhat and even Tripolito the West, not only to Timbuctubut in some degree even as far as the shores of the Atlantic, the very inhabitants of Arguin dressing in the cloth woven and dyed in Kano ; to the east, all over BornoBut the two groups differ in language, lifestyle and preferred beasts of burden the Tuareg use camelswhile Hausa ride horses.

Other Hausa have mixed with ethnic groups southwards such as the Nupe and Igbirra [41] in the northern fringes of the forest belt and in similar fashion to their Sahelian neighbors have heavily influenced the cultures of these groups. This pluralist attitude toward ethnic-identity and cultural affiliation has enabled the Hausa to inhabit one of the largest geographic regions of non- Bantu ethnic groups in Africa.

It is believed to be the product of an ancestral nation that branched to create the Hausa, the people of Gwandara languageBiramKanuriNupe peoples, the Kwatarkwashi Culture of Tsafe or Chafe in present-day Zamfara State located to the North west of Nok is thought to be the same as or an earlier ancestor of the Nok.

Nok's social system is thought to have been highly advanced. The Nok culture is considered to be the earliest sub-Saharan producer of life-sized Terracotta. The refinement of this culture is attested to by the image of a Nok dignitary at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. The dignitary is portrayed wearing a "crooked baton" [43] [44] The dignitary is also portrayed sitting with flared nostrils, and an open mouth suggesting performance.You now following BritBritBrow. You now following SylvalineChi.

You now following EsomkweOkolo. You now following JustinaFranc. You now following Icardibosz. You now following Babban-yaroS. Yoruba Learn to forgive when your friends hurt you. Yoruba: Akube. Hausa: Alipha. According to DailyTrust, while speaking to on the telephone, UmarAlsheikh Kaduna, Kaduna. Unconscionable quest exposes one to undesirable or strange outcomes.

Akpororo doing he's thing at COZA ' A Charming People!! Say something and translate it into Hausa, Igbo, Pidgin or Yoruba.

Find names, words, proverbs, jokes, slangs in Nigerian languages, and their meaning. Share photos and translations, record pronunciations, make friends. An NgEX brand. Listening a Translation of. Your browser does not support the audio element. Send To:. Please enter your registration information. Already have an account? Send Invite. Social Network or Email Provider:. Get contacts from social network or email.

Select Providor Gmail. Register Login 9ja Videos. More Home About People. Word of the day. Watch Videos More Videos. Translations 1 Add Translation. Translations 0 Add Translation. Popular Accounts. You May Want to Follow More.There are about ethnic groups in Nigeria, with varying languages, cultures and values. This had made the country culturally diverse. However, majority of the population belongs to a few ethnic groups which are known as the major ethnic groups in Nigeria Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo.

This article will discuss the list of 25 major ethnic groups in Nigeria together with the states they can be found and other interesting details.

The Hausa-Fulani ethnic group is the largest ethnic group in Nigeria. The 2 ethnic groups; Hausa and Fulani are actually separate but since the Fulani War, the Fulani people have been intertwined with the Hausa People of Nigeria and as such, they are now been seen as one.

Aside Nigeria, they are also found in some North African countries. The Hausa-Fulani are mostly Muslims. Hausa Language is the most popular language in the country and the most spoken in Northern Nigeria.

Due to their population, they had been dominating the Nigerian political atmosphere since independence. The Emirs are the leaders of these people with the Sultan of Sokoto being the overhead. The language is also being spoken in Benin.

Igbo language

They are usually Christians or Muslims. However, a large number of their populations are traditional worshipers. Oba is the name of ruler in Yoruba land. The Igbo speaking people are located mostly in the south east geopolitical zone of Nigeria.

Funny Nigerian language challenge Hausa Igbo and Yoruba which is the best language in nigeria

People of this ethnic group are also found in states like Rivers, Delta, Cross River and Benue state respectively. Aside these, they are also found in almost all places in the country as a result of their entrepreneurial skills.

This tribe has at a time, wanted to split away from Nigeria and they are still agitating for that. The Ijaw ethnic group is the largest ethnic group in Nigeria aside the three above. The people of this ethnic division live mostly in the Niger Delta states in Nigeria which is the oil producing region in Nigeria. However, due to corruption, the dividend of oil is not seen in the lives of the people.

The Niger Delta region is one of the most populated regions due to the activities of oil companies. This is one of the dominate language in the North East. While people see everybody from the extreme north as being either Hausa or Fulani, this is far from the truth. It is because of this that every Hausa man is seen as a potential Boko Haram member when in fact, Boko Haram originate from the Kanuri speaking people.

The Efik-Ibibio ethnic groups are some of the minority ethnic groups in Nigeria. They are mostly Christians and live in the South South part of the country with bulk of their population being in Akwa Ibom and Cross River. The Efik, Annang and Ibibio people though slightly different are culturally grouped into one as they speak almost the same languages and originate from the same place.

The Edo ethnic group is also known as Bini. The Tiv ethnic group is one of the minorities with a large number of population.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Emeka Onwuegbuzia. Kent Bach. The nature of the conflict has been considered from economic, political and religious perspectives.

Recently in the media, the concept of hate speech that has come to the fore. However subtler implicitly divisive lexical items and phrases epithets have been progressively entrenching divisiveness across ethnic group boundaries. These lexical items and phrases epithets have avoided scholarly investigation, attesting to their truly implicit nature.

The Social Identity Theory is adopted as the theoretical orientation for this work. Primary data was collected using questionnaires modelled after the Princeton Trilogy, and interviews.

Secondary data was collected from media sources. The findings showed the salient semicles of the epithets, which are essentially the prejudices that served to stereotype the various groups which are otherwise concealed even to the individuals who used those epithets. Nigeria is now populated by over million people2, adopted federal system of government with 36 states and a Federal Capital Territory Adegbami and Uche.

Please do not cite. This has resulted in ethnic gang-up politics and political parties with ethnic affiliation.

Numbers in Hausa and Igbo

Adegbami and Uche, Since then, the Nigerian state has seemed to be a cosmetic entity, with citizens having strong ethnic loyalties and an infinitesimal national loyalty.

This relationship among language groups has been characterised by mutual suspicion and dread which has further polarised the Nigerian state3. Ayatse and Iorhen also report that byNigeria has been structured to three major regions, which became the basis for political administrative and economic policies.

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This was to allow for ease of administration in addition to the economic advantages it offered them. Evidence for this is manifest in the political alignments in the Senate chamber and the Federal House of Representative chambers of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Therefore, this work will consider broadly these relationships between these groups.

Scholars have worked extensively on the cause s of conflict s in the Nigerian State, and solutions to the malaise Okene, A. Very few scholars however have considered the contribution of stereotypes to the situation Isola, and the role that language plays Egbunike, The studies however, have not clearly stated why and how Language can be injurious to pursuit of peace within her borders.

This has resulted in the lack of a systematic framework to allow for a diachronic study of stereotypes.

Hausa people

Also, peace education, peace journalism, citizenship education and the like have been among the efforts proposed to solve the malaise of ethnic stereotypes and consequently, prejudice and discrimination.

Therefore, the study of prejudice and its appurtenances in the Nigerian space leading to its castration is still in dire need of research. McLeod, S. The salient social identity becomes the Basis for self-regulation in a particular context. Self-perception and conduct becomes in- group stereotype normative. Perceptions of relevant out-group members become out-group stereotypical, and intergroup behaviour acquires competitive and discriminatory properties to varying degrees depending on the nature of relations between the groups.The continent of Africa is a place of natural beauty, dramatic landscapes, rich history and diverse peoples.

In addition to being the world's eighth most populous country, the West African nation of Nigeria alone is home to more than one-sixth of the continent's total population. Of Nigeria's numerous ethnic groups, the Yoruba and Igbo are two of the nation's largest groups. Although they share some similarities, they possess a number of distinct differences that make each unique. The Igbo people generally reside in southeastern Nigeria, which is commonly referred to as Igboland. Due to economic, social and political unrest, a significant number of Igbo people are also found in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, the Caribbean and many parts of the United States and Europe.

While members of the Yoruba ethnic group are primarily found in southwestern Nigeria and all over Benin, Ghana and Togo, there are large concentrated populations in the United States and in the United Kingdom. In addition to immigrants from Europe, Asia and the Americas, as well as other African nations, Nigeria is home to more than million people from an estimated tribes.

Often called one of the largest ethnic groups in West Africa, the Yoruba are estimated to have a population of 50 million, and constitute over 20 percent Nigeria's citizenry. Members of the Igbo tribe are believed to make up about 18 percent of the population, boasting more than 27 million people.

Although there are a number of origin stories, according to oral traditions, the Yoruba people are believed to have migrated from the region now known as the Middle East during medieval times. From oral tradition and analysis of cultural traits and linguistic patterns, the Igbo people are descendants of people from the Sudan and Bantu-speaking peoples from Central and East Africa.

Differences Between the Yoruba & Igbo Tribes

While many Igbo members are primarily Christian, specifically Roman Catholic, most Yoruba people are followers of Christianity and Islam, almost equally. Some Yoruba people also adhere to traditional tribal religious beliefs. While the citizens of Nigeria now must abide by federal and state laws, traditional government and politics were extremely different.

Although some Igbo groups had a king called an obi, most traditional Igbo governments were similar to a democratic-republican system. Some groups were ruled by a council of elders, while others were ruled by an assembly of citizens.

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Yoruba people generally preferred a monarchical government, but also had independent communities where small councils made legislative, judicial and executive decisions. Monarchical societies were primarily ruled by a king called an oba.

Ayisatu J. Taylor is a graduate of Smith College and has been writing for more than six years. She is attending graduate school for a degree in emergency health studies with a concentration on disaster response and recovery management. Taylor's work on travel, health and gardening can be seen on numerous websites. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages.

Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language.Nigeria, the most populous black nation in the world, is a culturally diversed country, with multitude of ethnic groups living together as one. Interestingly, these tribes are not only divided along tribal lines, but also along religion lines. In this articlewe are going to be bringing you comprehensive Nigerian tribes facts. Here are some interesting cultural and historical facts about the three main ethnic groups in Nigeria.

These tribes are: YorubaHausa and Igbo. Each of these three ethnic groups is an assemblage of several local tribes and dialects.

hausa igbo

Generally speaking, there are over ethnic groups local tribes and dialects in Nigeriamost of which are located in the northern part of the country. The ethnic trend outlined above north to south is replicated along religion lines.

The northern ethnic groups are predominantly Muslims, while the southern ethnic groups are predominantly Christians. Interestingly, the central zone — North Central — ethnic groups are mixed i. The Igbos, as pointed out earlier, can be found in the South Eastern region of Nigeria, and they are predominantly Christians.

hausa igbo

They are renowned for their rich cultural heritage and more significantly, their business acumen. The Igbos, though indigenously sited in the South Eastern region of Nigeria, are scattered across every nook and cranny of the country and beyond.

And they are widely regarded as the largest ethnic group in the country by population. Lastly, the Hausas, by individual wealth profiles, are the richest in Nigeria. Ironically, they are collectively the poorest, with beggars from the region filling up every corner of the country by the day. The Edo tribe, who are predominantly found in the western stretch of South-South Nigeria, are one of the largest minority ethnic groups in Nigeria.

They are generally known as the Binis Beninand they share a very close bond with their South-West partners — the Yorubas. They are well known for their unique beads-adorned dresses and hairstyles.

The tribe is near-evenly divided along religion lines. Although, they are predominantly Christians, traditional worshippers and Muslims are also in their high numbers.

There have been several controversies, arguments and counterarguments over which tribe is the oldest in Nigeria. These controversies have raged on for centuries, up till this day.

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As gathered from several sources, the oldest tribe in Nigeria is not Yoruba, neither is it Igbo nor Hausa. According to these sources, the oldest tribe in Nigeria is actually Ijaw — the indigenous group of people dominating the creeks and the oil-rich region of Niger Delta. The Ijaws, as gathered, have been in existence for over 5 millenia. Originally known as the people of Oru, the Ijaws were the first settler in the coastal area the creeks that is today known as the Niger-Delta.

Firstly, it is important to point out that there is no standard yardstick for calculating the wealth profiles of tribes in Nigeria. Nevertheless, we will be making attempts to rate the respective wealth profiles of Nigeria tribes.It has about 45 million speakers and is made up of over 20 dialects, though dialect levelling appears to be occurring.

The language was standardized in church usage by the Union Ibo Bible Shortly after completion, Thomas John Dennis died in a shipping accident off the Welsh coast, but the Bible manuscript he was working on was reportedly washed ashore and found by a fisherman. Central Igbo, the dialect form gaining widest acceptance, is based on the dialects of two members of the Ezinifite group of Igbo in Central Owerri Province between the towns of Owerri and Umuahia in Eastern Nigeria.

From its proposal as a literary form in by Dr. Ida C. Wardit was gradually accepted by missionaries, writers, and publishers across the region. Lexical categories in Igbo include nouns, pronouns, numerals, verbs, adjectives, conjunctions, and a single preposition.

Examples from Emenanjo illustrate the range of meaning:. Igbo has an extremely limited number of adjectives in a closed class. Verbs, by far the most prominent category in Igbo, host most of the language's morphology and appear to be the most basic category; many processes can derive new words from verbs, but few can derive verbs from words of other classes.

Igbo pronouns are not gendered and the same pronouns are used for male, female and inanimate beings.

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Many names in Igbo are actually fusions of older original words and phrases. Words may also take on multiple meanings. This is because printed paper can be first linked to an organic leaf, and then the paper to a book, the book to a school, and so on. Igbo is a tonal language with two distinctive tones, the high and low. In some cases a third, downstepped high tone is recognized. The language's tone system was given by John Goldsmith as an example of autosegmental phenomena that go beyond the linear model of phonology laid out in The Sound Pattern of English.

In many cases, the two or sometimes three tones commonly used in Igbo dictionaries do not help users pronounce words correctly. This indicates that the Igbo may have several other tones, possibly up to 8 in total.

That imperative tone is also used in the second syllable of abuo "two". Another distinct tone appears in the second syllabus of asaa "seven" and another in the second syllabus of aguu "hunger". The language features vowel harmony with two sets of oral vowels distinguished by pharyngeal cavity size described in terms of retracted tongue root RTR. There are also nasal vowels. Adjacent vowels usually undergo assimilation during speech.

hausa igbo

The sound of a preceding vowel, usually at the end of one word, merges in a rapid transition to the sound of the following vowel, particularly at the start of another word, giving the second vowel greater prominence in speech. Usually the first vowel in the first word is only slightly identifiable to listeners, usually undergoing centralisation.

Igbo does not have a contrast among voiced occlusives between voiced stops and nasals : the one precedes oral vowels, and the other nasal vowels. To illustrate the effect of phonological analysis, the following inventory of a typical Central dialect is taken from Clark Syllables are of the form C V optional consonant, vowel or N a syllabic nasal.

CV is the most common syllable type. Every syllable bears a tone. Consonant clusters do not occur. Igbo is an agglutinating language that exhibits very little fusion.